Hello dear readers! Today will touch on an important topic that comes to pulmonary embolism. It is important to know the early signs of the disease that would be time to recognize and prevent complications.
PE - blockage of the pulmonary artery thrombus part which is formed in the vessels of the lower limbs or pelvis. Pathology should be identified at an early stage in order to minimize the dire consequences.
Main symptoms of pulmonary embolism
The first signWhich will clearly show myself - is shortness of breath. There is a lack of oxygen, which is why there are difficulties in breathing.
The second sign
on which it is difficult not to pay attention manifest itself - pain in the chest (usually with a deep breath). The pain may be felt in the legs (which indicates the presence of other blood clots).
Also with pulmonary embolism, a sharp drop in blood pressure. Sometimes blood pressure elevation 80 falls below 40 mm Hg.
Sharply increases the heart rate (100 bpm. per min.). But the force of impacts felt weak, poorly palpable pulse.
There may be features such as:
- high body temperature (+ 38 °);
- cold and clammy sweat;
- bluish skin;
- dizziness and fainting.
What factors increase the chance of clot formation:
- Obesity (stagnation occurs in the veins developing atherosclerosis);
- Diabetes (impaired metabolism, cholesterol increase);
- Hereditary diseases blood clotting (high viscosity);
- Admission drugs or vascular injury.
People at risk, it is recommended to monitor the health with a vengeance. In the presence of disease contact someone for help.
What to do when a thrombus occlusion of the pulmonary artery
At first no need to panic. This will only aggravate the situation once the "body movement" to the loss of precious time. Secondly call the medical team to the extension or general "112".
Next, you need to put the patient on a firm surface and ensure complete rest. Upon arrival of "first", experts will carry out resuscitation therapy (if necessary, mechanical ventilation) and will be put into / from an anticoagulant. Followed by a hospitalization.
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P.S. If you have high blood pressure, it is recommended to get acquainted with a number of rules for its normalization (Article "The basic rules of the hypertensive").
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