Probably many familiar firsthand what the cramps in my legs and how they are painful and unpleasant. What is this phenomenon and what it involves? In medical reference seizures are characterized as a sudden sharp contraction or stretching of the calf muscles. Typically convulsions last from several seconds to several minutes. Frankly speaking, this is not the most pleasant moments in your life.
Doctors say that a spasm - it is not a disease, but a consequence of some problems in the body. And to cope with seizures need to, first of all, they come to understand the reason why.
Dehydration.One of the most common causes of leg cramps. People who are actively involved in sports, is constantly faced with this, doctors say. This is especially true in the summer. Physicians attribute this to the fact that lack of moisture in the body leads to increased sensitivity of nerve endings. This causes a reduction in the space around the nerve and increases the pressure on the motor nerve endings.
In this case, to get rid of the problem, simply do not forget to bring along to the gym or jogging with a bottle of drinking water and do not forget from time to time to do a couple of sips.
Mineral deficiency.The cause of the seizures may be deficiency in essential minerals such as calcium, magnesium, sodium or potassium. Take these minerals can be in the form of tablets. It is also necessary to pay attention to your food it was correct and well-balanced and contained products such as bananas, spinach, homemade yogurt and nuts.
Pregnancy. Cramps - a frequent phenomenon in the future mothers. Very often they appear in the second and third trimesters. This is due again to the fact that during pregnancy is often a lack of calcium and magnesium in the body. Therefore, if you are pregnant and suffer from seizures, consult on this matter with your doctor, he may prescribe you drugs magnesium and calcium.
Overloading the body. If you over-load the body physically, for example, long-distance running or actively exercising, possible convulsions, even if you are drinking enough fluids. The reason overexcited nervous system. When the nerve impulses constantly "jump" from the brain and spinal cord to the muscles, they become overexcited, and that can lead to seizures. Therefore, redistribute the load properly - pay attention to rest during training and stretching exercises.
Fatigue.The cause of night cramps at night or even during sleep, most likely, is fatigue. The thing is that the muscles in a state of exhaustion poorly absorb nutrients. Research shows that athletes who were engaged during the day more intense than usual, at night often had problems with cramps.
Sedentary lifestyle.Optimal muscle operation - a movement that alternates with rest. If you stand all day on your feet (for example, running a barber), or lead a sedentary lifestyle, it is not surprising that you get cramps. To avoid this, from time to time get up, do a workout or just a couple of minutes in an hour hike.
Taking medicines.The cause of seizures and some may become drugs. For example, diuretics or diuretics reduce blood pressure and can cause cramps in the legs. Also, they can become a cause of such drugs for osteoporosis and as raloxifene teraparatid, intravenous administration of iron hydroxide with glucose in the treatment of anemia or albuterol in asthma.
In addition, seizures may cause estrogen, naproxen and pregabalin, as well as some other drugs. Therefore, if the cramps began to emerge after the appointment of a new drug to you, consult your doctor, so he found a replacement for him. Be healthy!