Rotavirus: What do absolutely not worth it

Rotavirus is found everywhere, especially its distribution is enhanced by non-compliance with the rules of hygiene. Apply it quickly. No wonder the doctors say that one infected person can infect the entire world

rotavirus often referred to as intestinal flu, although influenza viruses, rotavirus is not relevant. According to WHO, 95% of children under 5 years suffer from this intestinal infection. Though not immune from it, and adults. What is important to know about rotavirus, and most importantly, how to treat it?

A child, for example, for the infection enough to get all 10 viral particles. While the sick person allocates billions! Another problem is that the rotavirus is transmitted in all possible ways: airborne and contact-household. In addition, the germs to be extremely tenacious and persistent in the environment. It is interesting that in the summer people often become infected while swimming in pools and ponds and in the use of contaminated water.

How to recognize an infection?

Start from rotavirus acute enough. In a sick person greatly increases the temperature to 39 ° C or higher and lasts for 2-3 days. In addition to temperature, there may be other symptoms similar to SARS: nasal congestion, sore throat, weakness. However, in the next few hours after infection appear specific symptoms that make it possible to recognize a rotavirus infection (RVI). This frequent vomiting and diarrhea. They can be stored for 3-4 days.

Thus throughout the human disease is often disturbed pulling and aching in the intestine (cramping or persistent). In the treatment of rotavirus plays an important role proper and gentle to the body nutrition. It is important to observe and drinking regime, through which to deal with the insidious infection will be easier. What else you need to pay attention to the treatment of rotavirus?

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When to see a doctor?

Upon detection of the first symptoms of rotavirus infection, seek medical attention. After inspecting the specialist will put a definitive diagnosis and determine the treatment strategy. In addition to the plentiful drink and symptomatic treatment most commonly prescribed enzymes to restore intestinal microflora, probiotics, preparations of spasm and pain. During treatment, it is also important to follow a diet. From the diet should exclude foods that stimulate the bowels. Among them - fruits, vegetables, soups, pastries, milk and milk products.

After the disease do not produce strong immunity. Therefore, by re-infection, unfortunately, no one is immune. To reduce the risk of infection, it is important to carefully observe good personal hygiene, wash your hands often and drink only filtered or bottled water.

Who needs a vaccination?

Young children today recommended to vaccinate against rotavirus. Especially before going to the sea, where the risk of exposure to the virus above.

1. The course consists of three vaccinations or 2, depending on the drug. Vaccine (drops in the mouth) need to do at the age of 6 to 32 weeks of life. First introduced at the age of 6 to 12 weeks. Next - no sooner than 4 weeks. Vaccine against rotavirus infection can be administered simultaneously with any other vaccines, except BCG and live polio vaccine.

2. In the first year of effectiveness is very high after vaccination. In subsequent years, it gradually decreases. Experience of using vaccines RVI abroad showed a decrease in the incidence of 79-94%.

Interesting facts about rotavirus

If you look at rotavirus under a microscope, it resembles a tiny wheel with hub and rim. Hence the name (rota in Latin - "wheel"). Rotavirus was detected recently. In 1973, his Australian researchers found. Before this event, any gastrointestinal disorder, which flows with high temperature, vomiting and symptoms of SARS, called intestinal flu.
Of 8 types for human rotavirus dangerous only three (A, B and C). In 90% of cases the disease is caused by a virus type A.

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What to do when rotavirus is strictly not necessary

  • Without prescription do not take antidiarrheal medications. Diarrhea - a natural mechanism for the withdrawal of pathogens and toxins from the body. A antidiarrheal drugs "lock" this protective response.
  • Do not take antibiotics. It is important to remember that rotavirus - a virus, not a bacterium. Antibacterial drug it will not have absolutely no action.
  • Antiviral drugs in rotavirus take pointless. Specific preparations of rotavirus infection still exists. All treatment of the disease, in fact, reduced to symptomatic. You need to take antipyretics - to relieve a temperature above 38,50S and chelators - to remove toxins.
  • In no case do not drink "for gastric lavage" potassium permanganate solution. Doctors are cases where crystals of potassium permanganate corrode the stomach and lead to irreversible consequences. To avoid dehydration recommended drink pharmaceutical saline solutions (dilute sachet in 1 liter water). But the salt solution can be prepared and ourselves. To dilute this 1 h. l. salt, baking soda and sugar in a liter of boiled water. A young child should be given to drink this solution in small portions - 1 hr. l. every 5 minutes.

Also you will be interested in reading: vaccination against rotavirus: who and why it should be done