Glucose tolerance test during pregnancy - analysis is not mandatory, but it is extremely important, it is It helps to identify the risk of gestational diabetes in the expectant mother and help avoid health complications baby.
Pregnancy - a very busy time for the female body can "emerge" as the old disease, and appear new. Therefore, you should not neglect your health and take all important tests in order to monitor the situation and, if necessary, take action.
What is gestational diabetes?
Gestational diabetes - a fairly common problem during pregnancy, because almost every seventh expectant mother is faced with such a diagnosis in the world. It does not depend on lifestyle, nutrition and others, this happens because during pregnancy there is a failure and the pancreas does not produce enough insulin, needed to settle the sugar standards blood. The situation is aggravated by the fact that about the fifth month of pregnancy, a woman's body must produce more insulin to cover the needs of the child.
In gestational diabetes does not always have pronounced symptoms, for which a woman can understand that with the body that something is wrong, it is so at 25-28 weeks of gestation gynecologist appoints glucose tolerance test, which will help determine the level of sugar in the blood of pregnant women.
How to prepare for a glucose tolerance test?8 hours before the test is necessary to eliminate the food is allowed to drink only water. In just a few days is better to limit the use of sweets: pastries, sweets, cakes - it can adversely affect the results. Prior to the test in the morning are allowed to drink water only.
On the day of glucose tolerance test, you should have good health, and be sure to tell your doctor about the medicines you are taking, some of them can also affect the results.
Be sure to bring something to eat, after you take the blood a second time, you will want to eat.
How to donate? Glucose tolerance test, you can pass in the antenatal clinic for free and in any private lab, only take your time, because the whole procedure will need about 2 hours.
During the test, you will need three times to give blood from the vein blood for the first time taken on an empty stomach, the second - an hour after you drink the glucose, and the third - in 2 hours.
Glucose is sold in any drugstore in a package of '75 The powder should be diluted in 400 ml of water and drunk within 10 minutes. Since glucose is too sweet, not every expectant mother can drink an amount of liquid on an empty stomach. To facilitate this process a little bit, squeeze in the juice of one lemon water, the test results will not be affected, but to drink the glucose will be much easier.
All two o'clock you must be in the clinic or nearby, because, firstly, prohibited any exercise that may affect the result, and secondly, there may be dizziness, nausea or vomiting, so you should be under supervision.
After the second blood analysis physician assesses results. Normally, in the first assay sugar level should not exceed 5.3 mmol / l, and the third - 8.6 mmol / l.
Indications for the glucose tolerance test?
- gestational diabetes in a previous pregnancy;
- child born weighing more than 4500 g;
- diabetesany type of close relatives;
- obesity as a body mass index greater than 30.
If gestational diabetes is detected?
If the blood sugar level after two hours of greater than 8.6 mmol / L, analysis administered repeatedly. If after several tests the situation does not change, then the woman is diagnosed - gestational diabetes. Basically, the limitations associated with the disease are as follows:
- Adjustment of diet - the exclusion of bakery products, pastry, sweets, and sugar;
- moderate exercise;
- more frequent visits to the doctor;
- monitor the growth and weight of the fetus;
- delivery is on term of 37-38 weeks.
6 weeks after giving birth, a woman needs to go back glucose tolerance test to assess the level of sugar in blood, and confirm that diabetes was associated exclusively with pregnancy.
Also be sure to ask about than dangerous anemia during pregnancy and how to raise hemoglobin